Nativity and ancestry: Immigrant inclusion is integral to our cultural and economic vitality.

Insights & Analyses

  • U.S.-born Latinx, Asian or Pacific Islander, and Mixed/other race populations are the fastest growing groups in the region.
  • Among the Asian or Pacific Islander population, East Asians represent the largest share, followed by Southeast Asians and South Asians.
  • The majority of residents who identify as East, Southeast, or South Asian are immigrants, as are the majority of Central and South Americans.
  • Mexicans comprise the largest share of Latinx residents in the Bay Area with more than one million people.

Drivers of Demographic Change

With its ties to the Pacific Rim and Mexico, the Bay Area has long been a destination for immigrants, and boasts one of the most diverse populations in the country, if not the world. Within broad racial groups, Bay Area residents have roots in an immensely diverse mix of countries. Latinx and Asian or Pacific Islander residents are becoming a larger share of the region due to population growth among both U.S.-born residents and immigrants.


Invest in people: Strategies to strengthen immigrant inclusion

Strategy in Action

Oakland disaggregates student data to increase representation and foster belonging. In 2016, AYPAL, a community-based organization working to empower Oakland’s low-income Asian and Pacific Islander immigrant and refugee families, and the Oakland Unified School District Office of Equity passed a “Disaggregated Data Resolution” expanding the options that students can identify for their race. By adding more flexibility and new categories like ‘Mien’ and ‘Tongan,’ the new data collection practice helps capture the unique backgrounds and challenges of specific communities that are not represented in broader racial categories. This data can serve as the basis for improved services, contributing to improved academic outcomes and fostering a sense of pride in identity—as described in this student-produced testimonial video. The resolution was expanded in 2019. Learn more


Photo: Disaggregated Data Presentation at City Council - AYPAL

Related Indicators